Bacterial Infectious Diseases

Bacterial infections and involved species

Bacterial infections are usually limited to one part of the body. Examples of bacterial infections:staphylococcal skin infectionspseudomonas folliculitis, streptococcal pharyngitis, osteomyelitis, pneumococcal pneumonia, bacterial meningitis, etc. (Picture 1). Bacterial infections can be treated by antibacterial drugs – antibiotics. Example of a systemic bacterial infection is bacterial sepsis.

☛ Anthrax: multiplication of Bacillus anthracis in the body.

☛ Bacterial meningitis: inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system.

☛ Botulism: blockage of nerve function and respiratory, as well as musculoskeletal paralysis.

☛ Brucellosis: entrance of Brucella bacteria by direct contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals.

☛ Campylobacteriosis: an inflammatory and at times bloody diarrhea or dysentery.

☛ Cat scratch disease: Also regarded as cat scratch fever, Teeny's Disease, or Subacute regional lymphadenitis is known to have been caused by the bacteria Bartonella henselae. Symptoms start to show between 7 to 14 days or 2 months post a cat scratch; tender regional lymphadenopathy, slight fever, headache, chills, malaise, abdominal pain, backache, convulsions or sterile suppurative papules at the site of inoculation occur.

☛ Cholera: transmission of Vibrio cholerae by ingestion of contaminated food or water causes diarrhea.

☛ Diphtheria: upper respiratory tract illness having sore throat, low-grade fever, and an adherent layer on the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx.

☛ Epidemic Typhus: caused by louse-borne bacteria.

☛ Gonorrhea: common sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

☛ Impetigo: superficial skin infection common in the age group of 2 to 6.

☛ Kawasaki disease: An autoimmune disease also regarded as lymph node syndrome, is a condition that affects the medium-sized blood vessels; being marked by a tendency for the blood vessels to abnormally swell up.

☛ Legionellosis: pneumonia or mild respiratory illness, like acute influenza.

☛ Leprosy (Hansen's disease): granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract.

☛ Leptospirosis: biphasic disease with meningitis, liver damage and renal failure.

☛ Listeriosis: occurs in newborns, the elderly, and immunocompromised patients.

☛ Lyme disease: rash and flu symptoms followed by musculoskeletal, psychiatric, neurologic, arthritic, and cardiac manifestations.

☛ Melioidosis: caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, which is found in soil and water.

☛ MRSA infection: characterized by rapid weight loss and muscle depletion.

☛ Nocardiosis: Nocardia asteroides or Nocardia brasiliensis affects either the lungs or the entire body.

☛ Pertussis (Whooping cough): severe hacking cough followed by palpitations.

☛ Plague: occurs, when a person is bitten by an infected flea.

☛ Pneumococcal pneumonia: illness of the lungs and respiratory system, where the alveoli are inflamed and filled with fluid.

☛ Psittacosis: contracted from parrots, pigeons, hens, ducks, sparrows, and seagulls.

☛ Q fever: due to inhalation of contaminated particles in the air or contact with the vaginal mucus, milk, feces, semen, and urine of infected animals.

☛ Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever: severe rickettsial illness in the United States.

☛ Salmonellosis: causes typhoid fever,paratyphoid fever, and food-borne illness.

☛ Scarlet fever: infection may occur through bloodstream, or skin and underlying tissues.

☛ Shigellosis: dysentery due to poor hygiene.

☛ Syphilis: sexually transmitted disease due to sexual contact, or congenital mode.

☛ Tetanus: prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers.

☛ Trachoma: infectious disease of human eye, probably leading to blindness.

☛ Tuberculosis: generally attacks the lungs, but may affect central nervous system, circulatory system, lymphatic system, bones, joints, genitourinary system, and skin.

☛ Tularemia: headache, fatigue, muscle pains, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, inflammation of face and eyes, and lymph nodes.

☛ Typhoid fever: due to ingestion of food or water adulterated with feces of an infected person.

☛ Typhus: severe headache, sustained high fever, severe muscle pain, rash, cough, chills, stupor, decreasing blood pressure, and delirium characterize it.

☛ Urinary tract infections: cystitis or pyelonephritis.