Pages

List of Prime Ministers of India

Prime Ministers

The complete list of Prime Ministers of India includes the persons sworn into the office as Prime Minister of India following the proclamation of the independence of India in 1947.
Key:
No.: Incumbent No.
CM: Council of Ministers
No.PictureName
(Birth–Death); Constituency
CMTerm of officeElections
(Lok Sabha)
Political party
(Alliance)
Refs
1Nehru1920.jpgJawaharlal Nehru
(1889–1964)
MP for Phulpur
115 August
1947
27 May
1964 [1]
1952 (1st)Indian National Congress[1]
21957 (2nd)
31962 (3rd)
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947; created Planning commission of Indiaand initiated Five-year plan to increase government investment in agriculture and industry; launched programmes to build irrigation canals, dams and spread the use of fertilizers to increase agricultural production; oversaw widespread poverty and unemployment, even with improvements in agriculture and infrastructure; oversaw establishment of All India Institute of Medical SciencesIndian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Management; criminalized caste discrimination and increased the legal rights and social freedoms of women; pioneered the policy of non-alignment and co-founded theNon-Aligned MovementSino-Indian War; signed the Indus Waters Treaty; granted asylum to the Dalai Lama; oversaw liberation of Goa.
AGulzarilal Nanda[2]
(1898–1998)
MP for Sabarkantha
27 May
1964
9 June
1964
– (3rd)Indian National Congress[3]
Served as caretaker Prime Minister until the election of Lal Bahadur Shastri.
2Lal Bahadur Shastri.jpgLal Bahadur Shastri
(1904–1966)
MP for Allahabad
49 June
1964
11 January
1966 [1]
– (3rd)Indian National Congress[4]
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965; pushed for Green Revolution in India andOperation Flood; The National Dairy Development Board was formed; died from a heart attack at a summit in Tashkent.
(A)Gulzarilal Nanda.jpgGulzarilal Nanda
(1898–1998)
MP for Sabarkantha
11 January
1966 (int)
24 January
1966
– (3rd)Indian National Congress[3]
Served as caretaker Prime Minister once again, until Indira Gandhiwas chosen as the new leader.
3Indira2.jpgIndira Gandhi
(1917–1984)
MP for Rae Bareli
524 January
1966
24 March
1977
– (3rd) •1967 (4th)Indian National Congress[5]
61971 (5th)
Nationalized banks; won the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, which resulted in the formation of Bangladesh; signed the Shimla Agreement; tested the first nuclear weapon with Smiling Buddha; initiated Green Revolution in India; imposed state of emergency 1975–1977.
4Morarji Desai 1978.jpgMorarji Desai
(1896–1995)
MP for Surat
724 March
1977
28 July
1979 [3]
1977 (6th)Janata Party[6]
Ended the state of emergency initiated by Indira Gandhi; improved relations with Pakistan, China and the United States; softened its relationship with the Soviet Union; launched Sixth Five-Year Plan, aiming to boost agricultural production and rural industries; the plan proved unsuccessful leading to resurging inflation, fuel shortages, unemployment and poverty; lost many MPs from Janata Party, including his rival Charan Singh, which led to his resignation.
5Charan Singh
(1902–1987)
MP for Baghpat
828 July
1979
14 January
1980 [3]
– (6th)Janata Party (Secular)
with Indian National Congress
[7]
Initiated high level diplomatic relations with Israel; lost support of Congress, which led to his resignation without even a single session of Lok Sabha.
(3)Indira2.jpgIndira Gandhi
(1917–1984)
MP for Rae Bareli
914 January
1980 [2]
31 October
1984 [1]
1980 (7th)Indian National Congress (Indira)[8]
Operation Blue Star, which subsequently led to her assassination.
6Rajiv-Sapta.jpgRajiv Gandhi
(1944–1991)
MP for Amethi
1031 October
1984
2 December
1989
1984 (8th)Indian National Congress[9]
1984 anti-Sikh riots; significantly reduced License Raj; expanded telecommunications in India; signed the Indo-Sri Lanka Peace AccordBofors scandal; nullified the Supreme Court's judgement onShah Bano case.
7V p singh.jpgV. P. Singh
(1931–2008)
MP for Fatehpur
112 December
1989
10 November
1990 [4]
1989 (9th)Janata Dal
(National Front)
[10]
Negotiated terrorist kidnapping of Mufti Mohammad Sayeed's daughter; visited Golden Temple to ask for forgiveness for Operation Bluestar; withdrew IPKF from Sri Lanka; initiated fixed quota/reservation for all public sector jobs as per recommendation from Mandal CommissionRam Janmabhoomi agitation and subsequent loss of vote of no confidence because of it.
8Chandra Shekhar
(1927–2007)
MP for Ballia
1210 November
1990
21 June
1991
– (9th)Samajwadi Janata Party
with Bharatiya Janata Party
[11]
Resigned due to accusations of spying on former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, and subsequent withdrawal of Congress' support;Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi.
9P V Narasimha Rao.pngP. V. Narasimha Rao
(1921–2004)
MP for Nandyal
1321 June
1991
16 May
1996
1991 (10th)Indian National Congress[12]
Initiated Economic liberalization in IndiaSEBI Act 1992; formation ofNational Stock Exchange of India1993 Bombay bombings; introduced TADADemolition of Babri Masjid.
10Atal Bihari Vajpayee.jpgAtal Bihari Vajpayee
(1924– )
MP for Lucknow
1416 May
1996
1 June
1996 [3]
1996 (11th)Bharatiya Janata Party[13]
Hung parliament†. Was in power for only 13 days, after BJP could not gather enough support from other parties to form a majority.
11H. D. Deve Gowda
(1933– )
MP for Hassan
151 June
1996
21 April
1997 [3]
1996 (11th)Janata Dal
(United Front)
[13]
Hung parliament†. After a failed attempt of forming a BJP government, Congress refused to form a government and instead supported a minority United Front coalition led by Janata Dal. President of ChinaJiang Zemin begins the first visit by a Chinese head of state to India; initiates President's rule in Gujarat.
12Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpgInder Kumar Gujral
(1919– )
MP (Rajya Sabha) forBihar
1621 April
1997
19 March
1998
– (11th)Janata Dal
(United Front)
[14]
Fodder scamJain Commission.
(13)Atal Bihari Vajpayee.jpgAtal Bihari Vajpayee
(1924– )
MP for Lucknow
1719 March
1998 [2]
22 May
2004
1998 (12th)Bharatiya Janata Party
(National Democratic Alliance)
[15]
181999 (13th)
Pokhran nuclear testsKargil WarNational Highway Development ProjectPradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojanaexpanding ties with IsraelPOTASarva Shiksha Abhiyan2001 Indian Parliament attackand Operation Parakram2002 Gujarat violenceNational Technical Research Organisation.
14Manmohansingh04052007.jpgDr. Manmohan Singh
(1932– )
MP (Rajya Sabha) forAssam
1922 May
2004
Incumbent2004 (14th)Indian National Congress
(United Progressive Alliance)
[16]
202009 (15th)
2006 Indian anti-reservation protestsIndo-US civilian nuclear agreement; won the 2008 Lok Sabha vote of confidenceUS $ 1 Trillion Economy milestone reachedexpanding ties with Israel;Economic crisis of 2008National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)Right to Information Act; revoking of POTA2008 Mumbai attacks and the implementation of Unlawful Activities (Prevention) ActFirst visit by Indian PM since 1982 to Saudi Arabia;National Investigation Agency (India)2G spectrum scam;Adarsh scam; NTRO Scam; Commonwealth Games ScamUnique IDRight of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act;Anna Hazare's Jan Lokpal agitation

Color key

Party of Prime Minister (left of Political Party column):
Governing Alliance (right of Political Party column):
(The 12th Council of Ministers, led by Chandra Shekhar Singh, was supported by both Congress and the BJP.)
Source : wiki