Some important facts about state of Madhya Pradesh..

"Happy Birthday Madhya Pradesh"..

Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore.

Nicknamed the "heart of India" due to its geographical location in India, Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in the country by area. With over 75 million inhabitants, it is the sixth largest state in India by population. It borders the states of Uttar Prade
sh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest.

After India's independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganized and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state with Bhopal as its capital. This state was the largest state of India by area until 2000. In 2000, the Chhattisgarh region was split to create a new state, and Rajasthan became the largest state of India..

>Landlocked in the central part of the country, Madhya Pradesh is bordered by the states of Rajasthan to the northwest, Uttar Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Maharashtra to the south, and Gujarat to the west.

>Though the state of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on November 1, 1956 but it came into its present form on Novemb
er 1, 2000 following its bifurcation to create a new state of Chhattisgarh.

>Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state in size with an area of 308000 sq km.before 1 Nov. 2000 it was the largest state areawise in country now Rajasthan is largest in the country.

>The climate of Madhya Pradesh is monsoonal where the yearly rainfall falls from June to September. Bhopal receives 1210 mm per annum of rainfall in the rainy season. The annual rainfall tends to decrease from south to north and east to west. During the monssons, the humidity level is much higher than at other times of the year. The monsoon causes luxuriant plant growth and places like Mandu are particularly attractive. From March to May, the climate is hot and dry with temperature ranging from 33 to 44 degree Celsius. The winters from November to February are dry and pleasant and the average daily maximum temperature ranges from 27 to 10 degree Celsius.

> The main river systems are the Chambal, Betwa, Sindh, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi and Indravati.

>Nearly one third of the state's area is covered with tropical forests ranging between the rivers Chambal in the north and Godavari in the south.

>Shivraj Singh Chauhan is the current chief minister of Madhya Pradesh. He replaced Babulal Gaur as the chief minister on 29 November 2005. Shivraj Singh Chauhan was a gold medallist in M. A. (Philosophy) from the Barkatullah University, Bhopal.

>Coal and iron are among the more important of the minerals of Madhya Pradesh. The iron ore found in Madhya Pradesh is of high grade and occurs in the Durg, Jubalpur, Bastar and Gwalior districts. Manganese is another important mineral, which occurs in Madhya Pradesh in the Balaghat and Chhindwara districts.

>The Nepa Nagar Mills produces newsprint for the country. Diesel engines are manufactured at Indore and attractive pottery and carpets are produced at Gwalior.

>The state is famous for traditional village crafts such as chanderi sarees, leather and clay toys.

>Agriculture is the largest area of occupation in Madhya Pradesh. Around 1/5th of the cultivated land is under irrigation. The major food crops here include, jowar, wheat, rice and gram. Among the other crops, the oilseeds, cotton and sugarcane are some of those that need a mention.

>Madhya Pradesh is famous for its legendary tourist destinations such as the temples of Khajuraho, the majestic forts of Gwalior, Buddhist stupas of Sanchi and the various wildlife sanctuaries that Madhya Pradesh is peppered with.

>Madhya Pradesh was one of the first states in India to actively engage in securing the right to information for the public. In October 1996, the Commissioner of Bilaspur Division, Mr Harsh Mander, issued executive orders to give people in the districts of Bilaspur, Raigarh and Sarguja the right to scrutinise government records pertaining to the public distribution system.

>Indore is the largest city and commercial capital of the state of Madhya Pradesh

>Some of the important monuments and Temples in Madhya Pradesh are:
*Bada Imambara
*Dhamekh Stupa
*Itam-Ud-Daulla Tomb
*Kalinjari Fort
*Khajuraho Temples
*Sanchi Stupa
*Rajwada Palace
*Lal Bagh Palace
*Jai Vilas Palace
*Jahaz Mahal
*Baz Bahadur's Palace
*Hoshang Shah's Tomb
*Man Singh palace
*Orcha Temples
*Omkareshwar Temple
*Deogarh Temple
*Bhojeshwar Temple and many more

>National Parks & Wildlife in Madhya Pradesh

*Kanha National Park: Kanha National Park is a Tiger Reserve and National Park located in two districts of Madhya Pradesh namely Mandla and Balaghat. The park has a significant number of Royal Bengal Tiger, leopards, the sloth bear, Barasingha and Indian wild dog.

*Bandhavgarh National Park: Bandhavgarh National Park ia located in the Umaria district of Madhya Pradesh. The Park is home to over 250 species of birds and is a paradise for nature enthusiasts, spread over a an area of 624 sq kms approximately.

*Pench National Park: Pench National Park is situated in Seoni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh. Pench National Park was named after the Pench River which flows through the park from north to south. The best time to visit Pench National Park is between the months of February to June.

*Panna National Park: Panna National Park is one of the more frequented National Parks in India - made popular by its close proximity to the famous Khajuraho Temples. The Ken River, which flows through the length of the Park acting as the lifeline supporting a rich variety of wildlife and flora in one of the best managed parks in the country.

>Some important destinations in Madhya Pradesh:

*Mandu: Mandu (Mandavgarh) is a ruined city in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh in the Malwa region. It is also one of India’s architectural gems with wonderful palaces, baths, attractive canals, and skilfully crafted pavilions.

*Indore: Indore is the administrative headquarters of the Indore District situated on the Malwa Plateau of Madhya Pradesh state. Indore is also the commercial capital of its state of Madhya Pradesh well known for its textile industry. It is named after the 18th century Indreshwar temple.

*Dhar: Dhar is located 33 miles (53 km) west of Mhow, in the Malwa region of western Madhya Pradesh. Dhar is 65km from Indore and about 35km from Mandu.

*Orchha: Orchha which literally means hidden place is located 120km south east of Gwalior and 20km from Jhansi, in Tikamgarh district of Madhya Pradesh. The town was the seat of an eponymous former princely state of central India, in the Bundelkhand region.

*Bhopal: Bhopal is the second largest city in Madhya Pradesh after Indore, located on the Malwa plateau, just north of the upper range of the Vindhya Mountains. Bhopal is known as the City of Lakes as its landscape is dotted with a number of natural as well as manmade lakes. Bhopal attractions including Kanha National Park, Bhimbetka, Ujjain and Sanchi.

*Khajuraho: Khajuraho is a small village in Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 620 kilometres from Delhi. Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples is famous for its Temples.

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