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Indus Valley Facts at a Glance



-The state which has accounted for highest number of Harappan sites after independence : Gujarat


-Three Harappan sites that have yielded three stages of Harappan Civilization (Pre-Harappan, Harappan and post-Harappan : Rojde, Desalpur and Surkotada )

-Most commonly engraved animal on Harappan seals : Humpless bull or unicorn

-Site which have yielded evidence of a pre-Harappan settlement: Kot-Diji, Kalibangan and Harappa

-Major Harappan cities that acted as ports : Lothal, Balakot, Suktagendor and Allahdin (Pakistan)

-The Harappan city with most impressive drainage system : Mohenjo-daro

-The geometric shape of the region covered by the Indus civilisation : Triangle

-Wheeler said: Indus Valley is the colony of Sumerians


-Evidence of cultivation of peas. Till has been traced from Harappa, paddy from Lothal

-Harappans had trade relations with Mesopotamians around 2300 BC.

-Dimension of Brick-length 11 inches, width -5.5 inches, depth -2.75 inches, ratio 4 2:1

-Harappan wheels were axeless

-Mohenjo-daro had 10.5 mt wide road.

-In Harappa, perhaps because of river Ravi the Granery is outside the fort.

-In the Lothal Port, there was a dockyard which is 216 meters in length and 37 meters in breadth

-Sukotada is the only Indus site where remains of a horse have actually been found.

-Terracoota seals found at Mehargarh were the earliest precussors of Harappan seals.

-Most common materials used for the Harappan stone sculpture : Limestone and steatite

-Time span of the Harappan civilization as fixed on the basis of radio-carbon dating: 2300 BC - 1750 BC.