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Tripura : An Overview

Governor:Dnyandeo Yashwantrao
Patil
Chief Minister:Manik Sarkar
Capital: Agartala
Legislature: Unicameral
Lok Sabha seats: 2
Judicature: Guwahati High Court
Languages: Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri
Population density: 304/sq km
No. of districts: 4
Main crops: Rice, jute, wheat, sugarcane, oilseeds, tea, cotton
Rivers: Gomti, Khowai and Manu
Minerals: Petroleum
Industries: Tea, jute, aluminium utensils, leather goods, forest-based
other industries
Airport: Agartala

PHYSICAL FEATURES
Tripura is a land of hills, plains and valleys. The central and northern part of the state is a hilly region that is intersected by four major valleys. These are the Dharma-nagar, Kailashahar, Kamalpur and Khowai valleys. These valleys are formations resulting from northward flowing rivers. The valleys in the western and southern part of the state are marshy. The terrain is densely forested and highly dissected in southern Tripura. Ranges running north-south cross the valleys. These hills are a series of parallel north-south ranges that decrease in elevation southwards and finally merge into the eastern plains. These are the Deotamura range, followed by the Atharamura, Langtarai, and Sakhan Tlang ranges. Of these peaks, Deotamura is the lowest and the height of each successive range increases eastwards. The 74-km-long Jamrai Tlang Mountains have the highest peak; Betalongchhip (1097m).The Tripura plains are also called the Agartala plains. The plains lie in the south-western part of the state and extend over approximately 4,150 sq. km. The Tripura plains are situated on a part of the bigger Ganga-Brahmaputra lowlands to the west of the Tripura Hills. The plains have extensive forest cover and have numerous lakes and marshes.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Tripura has its unique tribal culture and a fascinating folklore. The history of Tripura can be learnt from ‘Rajmala’ chronicles of king Tripura and writings of historians. There are references of Tripura even in the Mahabharata and the Puranas. According to ‘Rajmala’, the rulers were known by the surname ‘Fa’ meaning ‘father’. There is a reference to rulers of Bengal helping Tripura kings in the 14th century. Kings of Tripura had to face frequent Mughal invasions with varying successes. They defeated the Sultans of Bengal in several battles. Nineteenth century marked the beginning of the modern era in Tripura when King Maharaja Bir Chandra Kishore Manikya Bahadur modelled his administrative set-up on the British India pattern and brought in various reforms.


POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT
9 September 1947 - The Regent Maharani signed an agreement of merger with the Indian Union on 9 September.

1 November 1956 - Tripura became a Union territory without legislature.

21 January 1972 - Tripura attained the status of a full-fledged state.






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