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GK SET-1 : Indian History & Culture Part-A




No.QuestionAnswer
01Alexander invaded India in326 BC
02The Mauryan
Empire was established in
322 BC
03The First Mughal Emperor of India wasBabur
04Taj Mahal was built byShahjahan
05Lala Lajpat Rai was also known asLion of Punjab
06Chandragupta II was also known asVikramaditya
07The city of Fatehpur Sikri was built byAkbar
08The Red Fort in Delhi was built byShahjahan
09Battle of Panipat was faught in1761 AD
10The first President of India wasDr.Rajendra Prasad
11"Swaraj is my birthright!" was said byBal Gangadhar Tilak
12The capital of Mysore during the rule of Tipu Sultan wasSrirangapatnam
13Battle of Plassey was fought in1757 AD
14The first Governor-General of Bengal under the East India Company wasWarren Hastings
15Ashoka was born in269 BC
16Permanent settlement in Bengal was introduced byLord Cornwallis
17The last Governor-General of India wasC.Raja Gopalachari
18The first session of the Indian National Congress was held atBombay (Mumbai)
19Quit India Movement started in the year1942 AD
20Sir Thomas Roe,English Ambassador, visited India during the reign ofJahangir
21In the battle of Plassey, Lord Clive defeatedSiraj-ud-Daula
22The city of Calcutta was founded in1690 AD
23The capital of king Vikramaditya's kingdom wasUjjain
24The first Viceroy of India wasLord Canning
25The name of the famous horse of Rana Pratap wasChetak
26The Grand Trunk road was built during the reign ofShersa Suri
27Tipu Sultan was born in1750 AD
28Home Rule Movement was started byAnnie Besant
29Shivaji was crowned in1664 AD
30East India Company was established in the year1600 AD
31The capital city of ancient India wasIndraprastha
32The first woman ruler in India wasRazia Begum
33The capital of the Mauryan wasPatliputra
34The construction of Qutb Minar in Delhi was completed byAla-ud-din
35Din-i-Ilahi was founded byAkbar
36Rabindranath tagore was born in1861 AD
37The most famous king of Vijayanagar Empire wasKrishnadevaraya
38Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan was also known asFrontier Gandhi
39Samudra Gupta is popularly known asNapolean of India
40The first Tamil hero who fought against the British wasVeerapandya Kattabomman
41Akbar's tomb is situated atSikandrabad
42Gautama Buddha was the son ofShuddhodan
43Shivaji's mother wasJeejabai
44Gandhiji's mother wasPuthali Bai
45The political teacher of shivaji wasDadoji Konddev
46Timur invaded India in the year1398 AD
47Mahmud Ghazni was the son ofSabaktageen
48The city of Ahmedabad was established byAhmed Shah I
49Rani padmini wasQueen of Rana Ratna simha,the king of Chittoor
50The real name of Babar wasZahiruddin Muhammed
51The meaning of the word "Babar" isTiger
52Vijayasthamba is located atChittoor Fort
53Timur was the ruler ofSamarkhand,Central Asia
54The Indian social reformer who fought for the abolition of Sati wasRajaram Mohan Roy
55The first British Governor General of free India wasLord Mountbatten
56Dadabhai Naoroji was associated with the theory of"Drain of Wealth"
57The kingdom of South India well known for its Naval power wasThe Cholas
58Aligarh Muslim University was founded bySir Syed Ahmed Khan
59The first Indian ruler who prohibited Sati wasAkbar
60The Mughal ruler who was to recruit Rajput nobles in his administration wasAkbar
61The reforms announced by the British Govt.in 1909 are known asThe Morle-Minto Reforms
62The architect who designed the capital City of New Delhi wasE.L.Lutyens
63At the time of independence, the number of princely states in India were552
64The Indian Prime Minister known as "Man of Peace" wasLal Bahadur Shastri
65The Indian king who fought the last Anglo-Mysore War against the English wasTipu Sultan
66Kohinoor Diamond was taken away byNadir Shah
67The full name of Shahjehan wasKhurram Shihabuddin Mohammed Shahjehan
68The Bardoli satyagraha was started byMahatma Gandhi
69The founder of Arya Samaj wasSwamy Dayanand Saraswati
70The Governor General who abolished Sati wasLord William Bentinck
71Bihar was earlier known asMagadha
72Agra was earlier known asAkbarabad
73"Harsha Charit" was written byBanabatta
74Chandragupta Maurya spent the last days of his life atSravanabelagola
75Jalianwala Bagh Massacre took place atAmritsar
76Vijayanagar kingdom was situated on the banks of riverTungabhadra
77In 1498,the sea route to india was discovered byVasco-da-gama
78King Bhoja was from the which dynastyPratihara
79The period 1206 Ad to 1526 AD is known asThe Delhi Sultanate
80Agra city was founded bySikandar Lodhi
81Vijaynagar Empire was founded byHarihara and Bukka
82The Vijayanagar kings fought frequent wars with theBahamani Sultans
83The last king of the Vijayanagar empire wasRama Raya
84Shankaracharya was associated with which movementBhakti
85Ramanuja preached the philosophy ofVishishtadvaita
86The followers of Ramanuja are known asVaishnavas
87Kabir was the disciple ofRamanand
88The founder of Sikh religion wasGuru Nanak
89Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the year1526 AD
90Babar died in the year1530 AD
91Humayun was defeated bySher Shah Suri
92Humayun died at the age of48 years
93Akbar was crowned in the year1556 AD
94In the second battle of Panipat, Akbar defeatedHimu
95Akbar died in the year1605 Ad
96The original name of Nurjahan wasMehrunisa
97Jehangir was known for hisJustice
98Jehangir died in the year1627 AD
99Aurangzeb was the son ofShahjehan
100Aurangzeb died in the year1707 AD
101The first Guru of the sikhs wasGuru Nanak Dev
102The tenth Guru of the sikhs wasGuru Gobind Singh
103Amritsar was founded byGuru Ram Das
104The Golden Temple was built byGuru Arjan Dev
105The Akal Takht was built byGuru Hargobind
106Guru Gobind Singh was born in1666 AD
107The `Khalsa' at Anandpur Sahib was founded byGuru Gobind Singh
108Maharaja Ranjit Singh was born in1780 AD
109Bahadur Shah Zafar died in the year1862 AD
110Shivaji died at age of50 years
111In tne year 1798,who was appointed as the Governor-GeneralWellesley
112Wellesley started the policy ofSubsidiary Alliance
113Dalhousie became the Governor-General in1848 AD
114The first war of Indian Independence fought in 1857 is also known asThe Sepoy Mutiny
115The Lady ruler who participated in the 1857 Revolt wasRani Laxmi Bai of Jhansi
116The Indian Association was formed in 1876 atCalcutta
117The Indian National Congress was formed in1885 AD
118The Rowlatt Act was passed in the year1919 AD
119The Jalianwala Bagh Massacre took place in the year1919 AD
120The movement launched in 1920 is known asThe Non-Co-operation Movement
121The Simon Commission came to India in the year1928 AD
122Chandragupta Maurya was succeeded byBindusara
123Ashoka invaded Kalinga in the year261 BC
124Ashoka died in the year232 BC
125Ashoka ruled for a period of40 years
126The last king of Maurya dynasty wasBrihadratha
127Chandragupta was succeeded bySamudragupta
128The Iron Pillar near Qutb Minar was erected byChandragupta II
129Fahien, a Chinese traveller visited india during the reign ofChandragupta II
130Harshavardhana ascended the throne at the age of16 years
131Harshavardhana was defeated byPulakeshin II
132The Chinese traveller who visited India during the reign of Harshavardhana wasHieun Tsang
133Akbar was succeeded byJehangir
134Jehangir was succeeded byShahjehan
135In ancient times this river was called Shatadru. How do we know it now?Sutlej.
136In the Rigveda there is a reference to the "Dasharajna Yuddha". What does this refer to?It was a battle of 10 kings fought between Sudasa, a king of the Tritsu family on one side, and a confederacy of 10 tribes on the other. It was fought on the banks of the Parushni (Ravi). Sudasa defeated his enemies in this battle.
137Who was the ruler of the territory between the Jhelum and the Ravi when Alexander invaded India?Paurava or Porus as the Greeks called him.
138When Porus surrendered to Alexander, Alexander asked him how he wished to be treated. What was Porus' reply?"As one King would treat another". This was his famous reply that has become a classic. Hearing this Alexander not only reinstated Porus on the throne, but he also added territories towards the east and domains of many republican states to the existing kingdom of Porus (according to Plutarch).
139Who was Megasthenes?Megasthenes was the Greek ambassador to the Mauryan Court.
140Who sent Megasthenes as his ambassador to the Mauryan Court?Seleucus Nikator.
141Where did Seleucus Nikator rule?Babylon. He gradually extended his empire from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indus.
142Whom did Chandragupta Maurya defeat to establish his kingdom?The Nanda dynasty of Magadha.
143Who helped Chandragupta Maurya defeat the Nanda rulers?Kautilya also called Chanakya.
144Of which territories was Ashoka the Viceroy before he became the king?Taksha-Shila and Ujjain.
145"Beloved of the gods" and "of amiable appearance". Ashoka used these titles in his inscriptions. Can you give the original titles?"Devanampiya" and "Piyadassi" (Devanampriya and Priyadarshin).
146What was unique about the personal bodyguards of the Maurya rulers?They were women.
147Who was the last Maurya King?Brihadratha.
148Who overthrew Brihadratha?Pushyamitra, who was his Commander-in-chief.
149What was the name of the dynasty that succeeded Mauryan dynasty?The Shunga dynasty. (Pushyamitra founded this dynasty after he overthrew the Mauryan ruler)
150From which source have historians got some details of the overthrow of the Mauryan dynasty?Bana's Harshacharita written almost eight centuries after the event.
   





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